Tranmere Rovers (officially known as Tranmere Rovers Football Club) – or just Rovers for short – is an English football club based in Birkenhead on the Wirral Peninsula in Metropolitan County Merseyside. The club plays for the 2018/19 season in the Football League
Birkenhead is a port city of the United Kingdom, in north-western England, on the Mersey Estuary, opposite Liverpool. Its population in 2001 was 83,700 inhabitants, and the corresponding metropolitan district, Wirral (mainly Birkenhead and Wallasey where is the district town hall), had 312,293 inhabitants (consisting of the cities of the peninsula of the same name). This district is the outlet for the two road tunnels and the railway tunnel from Liverpool.Two, the fourth highest English league.
Club plays on Prenton Park Stadium. Prenton Park is a football stadium in the English port of Birkenhead, Metropolitan County Merseyside, United Kingdom. It is the property and home ground of football club Tranmere Rovers. The facility offers 16,587 seats. The Prenton Park was built in 1887 and moved in 1912 by the Tranmere Rovers. Previously, it served u. a. FC Cammell Laird as stadium. In addition to the Rovers also carries the reserve team of Liverpool their home games here.
Between 1994 and 1995, the stadium was extensively renovated and equipped exclusively with seats.
The club was initially founded in 1884 as a merger of the cricket club Belmont CC and the Lyndhurst Wanderers under the name Belmont Football Club. After the first game in November of the same year, then still in blue jerseys and white pants, the club changed its name in 1885 in Tranmere Rovers, after the same district Tranmere in Birkenhead, and moved to its home games Steele’s Field.
The Tranmere Rovers played in 1886 in the Liverpool & District Challenge Cup their first official game and acquired a year later from Tranmere Rugby Club, the future venue on the Borough Road. In 1889, the club joined the local West Lancashire League and appeared to the Games in blue pants and reddish-brown jerseys. Six years later, after briefly leaving the league, the stadium was renamed the still valid name Prenton Park. The re-entry into the league football, however, brought about various adversities, as the club first two points were deducted in the season 1897/98 due to the use of non-eligible players and only one year later, the continued existence of the club had to be called into question. All Rovers-based players left the club in 1899 to join the Birkenham Football Club.
However, the club could report in 1900, the re-participation in the League The Combination and rented from 1902 his stadium to the local rugby club Birkenhead Warriors Rugby Club, which could be used to finance a grandstand with 250 seats. The Rovers exchanged their club colours back to blue-white and two years after a renewed 2-point penalty for the use of unauthorized players in the season 1905/06, the club won its first regional championship.
A year after a stadium renovation, when the seat grandstand was expanded to 800 seats, joined the Rovers 1910 second division in the Lancashire Combination, rose directly into the first division and won these under coach Bert Cooke in the second attempt. During the promotion year, the club moved to the new Prenton Park in the immediate vicinity of the old venue, as the property had been sold to local town planners on the site of the old stadium. In 1914, the club also purchased from the stadium Oval Sports Ground in nearby Port Sunlight a tribune, halved this and placed them on both sides, each as a grandstand.
After the end of the First World War, the Rovers joined the 1919/20 season of the Cheshire County League, graduated in the local Central League, however, only eight games. The stadium was completed in 1920 and just a year later, the club joined the newly formed Third Division North as a founding member.
In the early days of professional football were two notable attack players in the ranks of the Rovers. At the age of only 16 years in 1923 debuted with Dixie Dean a future England international for the club, while later Bunny Bell was able to achieve 104 goals in 114 games, including own nine goals in the club’s record victory with 13: 4 in a league match against Oldham Athletic in 1935th
For the time being, the club was unable to celebrate any noteworthy successes, and in 1925 had to ask them to remain in the league as table second last even at the Football League. At the beginning of the 30-years the club covered the west stand, the (cowshed) should be called henceforth among followers “cowshed” and moved in 1935 to longtime trainer Cooke. As a substitute Jack Carr was obliged, which was replaced after only one year again by Jim Knowles.
Knowles rose in 1938 with the team in the Second Division, but could not keep them there and was then succeeded by Bill Ridding before the game operation was interrupted because of World War II.
The recently constructed grandstand roof was destroyed during an air raid and rebuilt immediately after the end of the war. The Rovers rose again in the Third Division North, playing there under coach Ernie Blackburn and from 1955 under the player-coach Noel Kelly, without a serious promotion candidate for the second division to be. When the club just barely prevented the case in the amateur camp in 1957 as table second last, he signed with Peter Farrel a new player-coach. With Farrel succeeded in the following season qualifying for the now one-track Third Division. There, the rovers performed well and the season in which the new floodlight system was put into operation, ended in a good seventh place.
Only two years later, the club, for the first time in its history, descended into the new Fourth Division. After only barely missed return to the third division in 1966, this succeeded in the following season under the since 1961 active coach Dave Russell. At the same time, the Rovers inaugurated the new grandstand with 4,000 seats. During this time, the Rovers celebrated especially in cup competitions respectable success, as the team reached the fourth round in the 1971/72 season in the FA Cup and there separated in front of the record crowd of 24,424 spectators from Stoke City with 2: 2 and only in the replay retired after a 0-2 defeat. Two years later, they defeated Arsenal at Arsenal Stadium in a league match. However, due to the rise of Liverpool to a domestic and European top team in the early 70s, many devotees turned away from the Rovers, and this effect was not mitigated by the frequent Friday games on which the club dodged.
Two years after the stadium roof had to be renewed due to a storm damage in 1973, the club got back into the fourth league and hired John King as coach, who should be active in his first term of office for five years for the Rovers. King succeeded in his first season of the resurgence, but had three years later again accept the case in the lowest English professional league. King was released in 1980, and narrowly escaped the fall into the Football Conference the following season. During the 1982/83 season, the club was again in the relegation zone and was close to bankruptcy, which could be averted by a loan of Wirral Councils in the amount of £ 200,000 and friendlies against neighboring Liverpool. The Rovers moved from then on financially always on the border, which changed only by the investment of the local businessman Peter Johnson in the club for the season 1986/87. In a landmark decision, Johnson King returned to the rover’s bench at the end of the season, as the Rovers were in acute danger of relegation.
John King is widely regarded today as the most successful coach of the Tranmere Rovers. After his return, he finished with the team on the final day after a goal by Gary Williams a series of nine winless games with a 1-0 against Exeter City, thus preventing the relegation. The victory was then celebrated extensively, as 7,000 spectators stormed the field.
In King’s first full season during his second term, the team qualified due to a good form midway through the season, along with the Wolverhampton Wanderers as a representative of the fourth league, for a tournament that was held on the occasion of the centenary of the Football League. The Rovers were on their debut at Wembley Stadium, the surprise team and beat the first division FC Wimbledon and Newcastle United before they lost to Nottingham Forest, the eventual tournament winner, on penalties.
Kings second season brought the club as runner-up the return to the third division. This season, the Rovers also laid the foundation for their later reputation as a favorite fright in cup competitions, as they eliminated the first division side FC Middlesbrough from the League Cup tournament in the 1988/89 season. Later, similar surprise victories against FC Millwall, Aston Villa, Chelsea and Coventry City followed, all of which were beaten at home in Prenton Park.
In the season 1989/90 Tranmere immediately reached the fourth place and qualified for the play-offs for promotion to the Second Division. Although the Rovers were defeated there in the final Notts County they were initially allowed by the Association access to the second division, as Swindon Town was downgraded due to several violations of the rules in the third division and thus an additional space in the Second Division free has been. After a successful appointment Swindon Town was then classified but in the second division, so that Tranmere had to remain in the third division. As a sporting consolation was then winning the Associate Members’ Cup after a 2-1 final victory against third division champion Bristol Rovers at Wembley Stadium. After Tranmere’s Ian Muir scored the early lead, Muir’s striker Jim Steele scored the deciding goal in the second half just before the end of the game after Devon White’s equalizer in the second half, earning the team’s first major trophy in Rovers history.
After a fifth place at the end of the 1990/91 season, the team reached again the play-offs and put after a thrilling 1-0 win and a goal by Chris Malkin in stoppage time against local rivals Bolton Wanderers’s first participation in the second division For sure since the 30’s. At the same time, the club reached the final of the Associate Members’ Cup again, but this time lost 2: 3 against Birmingham City. Overall, the club had thus completed four games in just one year at Wembley Stadium. Another peculiarity took place on New Year’s Day in 1991, when right-back Tony Thomas scored just eight seconds to score the fastest video footage in history.
In the summer, John Aldridge of Real Sociedad San Sebastián signed an Irish international and former Liverpool player who would be available to Rovers for the next ten years, initially as a player and then as a coach.
After a mediocre first season in the second division, the club experienced a three-year high phase, at the end of each a play-off participation for promotion to the Premier League was, but each defeated in the semifinals. In the midst of this phase, the Rovers also reached the League Cup semi-finals, where they lost Aston Villa on penalties. As the club was in mid-March 1996 in the midfield of the league, King announced his resignation.
John Aldridge took over the team leadership as a player-coach and acted in this role in the subsequent five years. In this time, the club could not reach the playoffs, but failed in the 1996/97 season only just to this goal. In the 1999/2000 season, the Rovers celebrated their biggest cup successes as they advanced to the quarter-finals of the FA Cup and reached the League Cup final, which meant the first final appearance in a prestigious cup competition and not only for unterklassige clubs. Despite a goal from David Kelly, the team defeated Leicester City with a 1: 2, the Rovers had to play after a red card for Clint Hill in outnumbered. Noteworthy was the fact that Aldridge was acting with a team in which no player was, who had been bought for a transfer fee from another club. Attacking player Wayne Allison was the only actor to have been bought by the club in a time of financial constraints, banned from competing for his previous club.
Also in the directly adjoining season Tranmere got back into the FA Cup quarter-finals. Along the way, they dueled with their big neighbor, FC Everton, in their Liverpool shared shadow with the rovers. The Rovers defeated away Everton at Goodison Park after a goal by Jason Koumas and two header from Steve Yates surprisingly 3-0. The January 27, 2001 is still celebrated today among the supporters of the Rovers as Saint Yates Day. In the subsequent round they were back in the replay against Southampton at half-time already with 0: 3 back, before a hat-trick by Paul Rideout and the winner of Stuart Barlow made the turn to 4: 3.
However, the achievements in the championship could not keep up with the trophy successes and the club found itself in the lower table region again. As Tranmere after a 2-0 lead a home game against FC Barnsley in March 2001 still lost 2: 3, Aldridge resigned. Ray Mathias and Kevin Sheedy as a common temporary solution on the coaching post then also could not prevent the Rovers descended after ten years in the second division back into the third division.